The process of creating a human embryo from an egg and sperm in the laboratory is called IVF or In Vitro Fertilization. The steps for an IVF cycle are as follows: Pre cycle Testing, Ovulation Induction, and Egg Retrieval, and Embryo Transfer.
Involves selecting the best sperm cells under a high power microscope, and then inserting them into the egg cell to achieve fertilization. Even severe Male Factor, and extremely low sperm counts can be treated this way. ICSI bypasses the barriers to fertilization that are present in many couples and is a common cause of unexplained infertility.
Using specially designed culture medium that is optimized for embryo growth at each stage of development, we can reliably culture embryos up to day 5 or 6, when they are ready to implant into the endometrium, or lining of the uterus.
Ultrasound Guided Embryo Transfer
The most accurate way of placing embryos in the uterine cavity is by using ultrasound to guide the catheter to the exact place where the embryos will implant. Dr. Denker is a leading pioneer in Ultrasound guided ET, having perfected this technique 20 years ago.
Vitrification (Embryo Freezing)
Vitrification is a process where the water is gently taken out of the embryo and it is instantly cooled to a glasslike state in liquid nitrogen at minus 325 degrees F (163 C) This prevents ice crystals from damaging the cellular membranes.
Preimplantation Genetic Screening
A sample of cells is taken from the embryo on Day 5 and the resulting cells are analyzed for genetic defects, including Downs’s syndrome. Extensive information including gender, or sex, can be determined by PGS.